Welcome to online home of
I am an Assistant Professor in Stanford's Graduate School of Education.
At the GSE I teach courses related to the sociology of education and global education policy in the
International and Comparative Education Program.
Previously, I worked in the Public Administration Program at the University of Utah.
My research spans a range of fields including organization theory, comparative education, and the
sociology of education, covering the substantive topics of minority and human rights, nonprofits/civil society, and globalization.
Stanford Graduate School of Education
485 Lasuen Mall
Stanford, CA 94305
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Overall, my work focuses on the rise and globalization of a culture emphasizing
rational, scientific thinking and expansive forms of rights.
Empirically, I draw on two settings - education systems and organizations -
to show how the institutionalization of these new cultural emphases transforms societies worldwide.
Currently, I am working on a
Spencer Foundation-funded project that examines the content of civic education in the US and Canada
from 1850 to 2010. This research builds on earlier work that
examines how civic education worldwide changes (e.g. towards more international emphases) in response to social
and cultural rationalization and globalization.
I pursue a second line of institutional research that looks at the transformation of social and
cultural domains of life globally, particularly through the emergence of formal organizations.
A series of projects focus on the charitable sector, examining topics such as the rise of scientific goals (like
research and evaluation), the use of strategic planning, formal responses to restrictions on political activity,
and the emergence of codes of conduct.
A recent book project (with John W. Meyer) entitled
Hyper-organization: Global organizational expansion seeks to explain the growing numbers and
increasing internal complexity of formal organization - worldwide, and across all sorts of sectors. Additional projects
in progress examine how firms are being transformed by rationalized social and cultural pressures,
through ratings systems on dimensions like environmental performance and in self-representations to stakeholders in annual
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Bromley, P. (forthcoming).
“Empowered Individualism in World Culture: Agency and Equality in Canadian Textbooks, 1871-2006.”
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology.
Bromley, P. and W. Cole. (forthcoming).
“A Tale of Two Worlds: The Inter-State System and World
Society in Social Science Textbooks, 1950-2010.” Globalisation, Societies and Education.
Brandtner, Christof, Bromley, Patricia & Megan Tompkins-Stange. (forthcoming).
"'Walk the Line': How Institutional Influences Constrain Elites."
In Gehman, J., Lounsbury, M., and R. Greenwood, eds.
Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Volumes 49 & 50. Emerald Press.
Bromley, Patricia & John W. Meyer. (forthcoming).
“'They Are All Organizations': The Cultural Roots of Blurring between the Nonprofit, Business, and Government Sectors.”
Administration & Society.
Bromley, Patricia & Charlene D. Orchard. 2016.
“Managed Morality: The Rise of Codes of Conduct in the US Nonprofit Sector.”
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 45(2): 351-374.
Suarez, David & Bromley, Patricia. 2016.
“Institutional Theories and Levels of Analysis: History, Diffusion, and Translation.”
Pp. 139-159 in Schrwiewer, Juergen, ed.
World Culture Re-contextualised Routledge/Taylor and Francis.
Bromley, Patricia. 2016.
"Policy and Administration as Culture: Organizational Sociology and Cross-National Education Trends."
Pp 470-489 in Mundy, Karen, Green, Andy, Lingard, Robert & Antoni Verger, eds.
The Handbook of Global Policy-making in Education. Wiley-Blackwell.
Bromley, Patricia & John W. Meyer. 2015.
Hyper-organization: Global organizational expansion. London, UK: Oxford University Press.
Powell, Walter W. & Bromley, Patricia. 2015.
“New Institutionalism and the Analysis of Complex Organizations.” In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief),
International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition. Vol 16. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 764–769.
Sharkey, Amanda & Patricia Bromley. 2015.
“Can Ratings Have Indirect Effects?: Evidence From the Organizational Response to Peers’ Environmental Ratings.”
American Sociological Review. 80(1): 63-91.
Hwang, Hokyu & Patricia Bromley. 2015. “Internal and External Determinants of Formal Plans in the Nonprofit Sector.” International Public Management Journal. 18(4): 568-588.
Bromley, Patricia. 2014. “Legitimacy and the Contingent Diffusion of World Culture: Diversity and Human Rights in Social Science Textbooks, Divergent Cross-National Patterns (1970-2008).” Canadian Journal of Sociology 39(1): 1-44.
Meyer, John W. & Bromley, Patricia. 2013. “The Worldwide Expansion of 'Organization'.” Sociological Theory 31(4):366-389.
Bromley, Patricia. 2013. “Holocaust Education and Human Rights: Holocaust Discussions in Social Science Textbooks Worldwide, 1970-2010.” Tertium Comparationis 19(1): 14-37.
Bromley, Patricia & Walter W. Powell. 2012. "From Smoke and Mirrors to Walking the Talk: Decoupling in the Contemporary World." Academy of Management Annals 6(1): 483-530.
Suarez, David & Patricia Bromley. 2012. "Institutionalizing a Global Social Movement: Human Rights as University Knowledge." American Journal of Education 118(3): 253-280.
Bromley, Patricia & Elina Mäkinen. 2012. "Diversity in Civic Education: Finland in Historical and Comparative Perspective." Journal of International Cooperation in Education 14(2): 19-34.
Terra, Luke & Patricia Bromley. 2012. "The Globalization of Multicultural Education in Social Science Textbooks: Cross-national Analyses, 1950-2010." Multicultural Perspectives 14(3): 136-143.
Bromley, Patricia, Hwang, Hokyu & Walter W. Powell. 2012. “Decoupling Revisited: Common Pressures, Divergent Strategies in the US Nonprofit Sector.” M@n@gement 15(5): 468-501.
Bromley, Patricia, Meyer, John W. & Francisco O. Ramirez. 2011. "Student-Centeredness in Social Science Textbooks, 1970-2008: A Cross-National Study." Social Forces 90(2): 547-570.
Bromley, Patricia, Meyer, John W. & Francisco O. Ramirez. 2011. "The Worldwide Spread of Environmental Discourse in History, Civics, and Social Studies Textbooks." Comparative Education Review 55(4): 517-545.
Bromley, Patricia. 2011. "Multiculturalism and Human Rights in Civic Education: The Case of British Columbia, Canada." Educational Research 53(2): 151-164.
Bromley, Patricia. 2010. "The Rationalization of Educational Development: Scientific Activities among International Non-Governmental Organizations." Comparative Education Review 54(4): 577-601.
Meyer, John W., Bromley, Patricia & Francisco O. Ramirez. 2010. "Human Rights in Social Science Textbooks: Cross-National Analysis, 1970-2008." Sociology of Education 83(2): 111-134.
Bromley, Patricia & Marina Andina. 2010. "Standardizing Chaos: A Neo-institutional Analysis of the INEE Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction." Compare: A Journal of International and Comparative Education 40(5): 575-588.
Bromley, Patricia & Susan Garnett Russell. 2010. "Holocaust as History and Human Rights: Holocaust Education in Social Science Textbooks, 1970-2008." Prospects: UNESCO's Quarterly Review of Comparative Education 40(1): 153-173.
Bromley, Patricia. 2009. "Cosmopolitanism in Civic Education: Cross-National Trends, 1970-2008." Current Issues in Comparative Education 12(1): 33-44.
Ramirez, Francisco O., Bromley, Patricia & Susan Garnett Russell. 2009. "The Valorization of Humanity and Diversity." Multicultural Education Review 1(1): 29-54.
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Ph.D. Stanford University, School of Education, 2011
M.A. Stanford University, Sociology, 2010
M.Sc. Rutgers University, International Studies, 2001
B.A. University of British Columbia, Liberal Studies, 2000
Click here for a PDF of my Curriculum Vitae.